Li Niha

Moroi ba Wikipedia
Ae ba navigasi Ae ba wangalui
Grafik ngawalö li ni'oguna'ö niha ba gölana Sumatra. Kode ISO 639-3 Li Niha ya'ia da'ö nia

Li Niha no sambua li ni'oguna'ö niha si toröi ba Danö Niha ba ba hulo-hulo si fasui. So ambö töra fitu ngaotu ribu niha si fahuhuo ba Li Niha.[1]

Ngafu Li Niha[bulö'ö | bulö’ö kode]

Molo'ö Lea Brown so tölu ngafu Li Niha[2] nifotöi dialek ba Li Indonesia:

  • Ngafu Li Yöu ni'oguna'ö ba Gunungsitoli ba si fasui, ba Nias Utara ba ba Nias Barat.
  • Ngafu Li Otalua ni'oguna'ö ba Gomo faoma Susua
  • Ngafu Li Raya ni'oguna'ö ba gotalua niha raya awö Pulau-Pulau Batu.

Lafotöi ngafu fefu ngawalö li andre me no fahatö sibai ira. Lö aröu sibai wa'afabö'öra simane ba gotalua zi dombua li si fabö'ö, ba hiza ha ba wa'afabö'ö ngawua wehede ni'oguna'ö, si mane na laŵaö saekhula ba li raya, ba laŵaö banio ba li otalua ba ba li yöu. Molo'ö Nothofer arakhagö 80% fagölö fefu ngafu li andrö.[3]

Heŵa'ae simanö abölö muzawili Li Yöu börö me no la'oguna'ö Li Yöu andre ira falito Protestan ba woraka Zura Ni'amoni'ö, irege muzawili ia ba zi sagörö Tanö Niha.[4]

Famoligö ba fanura[bulö'ö | bulö’ö kode]

Ba Li Niha so mato ha'uga ngawua li si so ha ba Danö Niha. Duma-dumania famoligö li nisura faoma ö ba ŵ (da'a dombua hurufo nifili Sundermann ba wanura li andrö). Ba hiza li sindruhu si so ha ba Danö Niha (Li Indonesia, khas) ya'ia da'ö kh ba ndr. Tonönö ba da'ö wangulu mböröta mato ha'uga wehede ndrege wetaronia bakha ba wehede, ama tobali nama, bagi tobali mbagi, eleŵazi tobali geleŵazi ba tanö bö'önia. Baero zi so ha ba Li Niha andre inönö na sa Sundermann wangoguna'ö nifotöi apostrof (tandra ') ba wanandrai hurufo nihöndrögö simane ba wehede la'a-la'a.

Duma-duma hurufo ba mböröta ngawua wehede salulu na te'oguna'ö ia bakha ba wehede[bulö'ö | bulö’ö kode]

  • a: ama — nama; aŵa'ai — gaŵa'ai; ahe — gahe
  • b: bagi — mbagi; bawa — mbawa
  • d: danga — ndranga
  • e: elewazi — gelewazi; edu'ö — gedu'ö
  • f: fondraru — ŵondraru
  • i: i'a — gi'a; ina — nina
  • k: kara — gara
  • o: ola — nola; oŵöliwa — goŵöliwa

Tandra wombaso[bulö'ö | bulö’ö kode]

So 16 dandra wombaso ya'ia da'ö:[5]

Tandra Töi Nitöngöni
. niti, titi
: niti-dua, titi dua
, koma
; niti-koma, titi koma
- famakhai
/ oto-naere
() kalo
[] kalo si'u
? fanofu
! fe'ao
" famohu(-wehede)
' fanuyu(-wehede) petik tunggal
' fangadogo(-niheta) apostrof
' famo'abe'eta(-woligö), fo'a'u'ö glotal
-- famaefa/famabali pisah
... nitiniti, titi-titi elipsis

Fehede fangali[bulö'ö | bulö’ö kode]

Sowuge'e ha ba wehede niha yöu so, soyo ha ba niha raya.[6][6][7]

musindro samösa absolutif genitif ergatif
realis
irrealis
1.sms ya'o / ya'odo / ya'oto ndra'o(do) / ‑do / ndrao(to) -gu u- gu-
2.sms ya'ugö ndra'ugö / ‑ö / ndraugö -u / ‑mö ö- gö-
3.sms ya'ia ia / ya -nia i- ya-
1.oya ya'ita ita -da ta- da-
1.oya ya'aga ndra'aga / ‑ga -ma ma- ga-
2.oya ya'ami ami / -mi -mi mi- gi-
3.oya ya'ira ira -ra la- ndra-

1. = niha si oföna

2. = niha si dua

3. = niha si tölu

sms = samösa

oya = töra samösa

Umbu[bulö'ö | bulö’ö kode]

  1. Ethnologue, Nias.
  2. Brown, Lea (2001). Grammar of Nias Selatan (PhD Thesis). University of Sidney: Department of Linguistics. nga'örö 7 (Li Inggris))
  3. Nothofer, Bernd (1986). "The Barrier island languages in the Austronesian language family". Bakha ba Paul Geraghty; Lois Carrington; Stephen A. Wurm (eds.). FOCAL II: Papers from the Fourth International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics. Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University. nga'örö. 89–107. doi:10.15144/PL-C94.87. (Li Inggris)
  4. Brown, Lea (2001). Grammar of Nias Selatan (PhD Thesis). University of Sidney: Department of Linguistics. nga'örö 8 (Li Inggris)
  5. Harefa, Yas (2002). Tata Bahasa Daerah Nias (Amakhoita Li Nono-Niha), nga'örö si 4.
  6. 6,0 6,1 Brown, Lea (1997). "Nominal Mutation in Nias". In Odé, Cecilia; Wim Stokhof (eds.). Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Austronesian Linguistics. Amsterdam: Rodopi. ISBN 90-420-0253-0.
  7. Sundermann, Heinrich (1913). Niassische Sprachlehre (in German). 's-Gravenhage: Martinus Nijhoff. nga'örö 40–45, 65–66.